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potamus ampjiibius ; hence the epithet applied to the Tapir. But
as a matter of fact it loves marshy neighbourhoods, and is In a
way amphibious. This does not of course apply to the Andesian
T. ruulini, which inhabits the cordillera of Ecuador and Colombia,
The distribution of existing Tapirs is, as is so often the case,
restricted when compared with that of their extinct congeners and
aHIes. In Europe the remains of the genus Tapirus are abundant
from Pliocene strata, and its remains are there known from.
as far back as the Miocene. The genus is thus one of the very
oldest forms of Mammalia at present inhabiting the earth.

Flo. 129.—Malayan Tapir.     Tapirus indices, young,     x A-    (From JSTature.)
The Malayan Tapir is to be distinguished from the American
T. terresiris—the other species have not been dissected) by the
greater development of the valvulae conniventes in the intestine,
lie absence of a moderator band in the heart, and the less
fangated caecum, which is sacculated by only three bands, there
Hsimg four in T, terrestris} The animal frequents the most
spots among the hill woods, by which habit it seems
* ^2f and other papers there cited» for